Learning the Biblical Hebrew Alphabet: The First Four Letters

Learning the biblical Hebrew alphabet can be a challenge, especially if you try to learn it all at once.

I had studied Russian, Greek, and Japanese (all of which use a different alphabet than English) before I learned biblical Hebrew. Even with my experience with other alphabets, I found the Hebrew alphabet overwhelming. Many letters look and sound alike. It’s like drinking from a fire hose to learn them all at once.

That’s why, when I teach a biblical Hebrew class, I introduce just a few letters at a time. You would be surprised how many words from the Hebrew Bible you can learn along the way, with just a few letters.

The First Four Letters of the Biblical Hebrew Alphabet

Let’s look at the first four letters of the biblical Hebrew alphabet, for example:

א

The name of this letter is Aleph.

This letter is silent and takes the sound of whatever vowel goes along with it.

בּ

The name of this letter is Beit (like the English word “bait”).

This letter (when it has a dot in the middle) sounds like the English “B.” Without the dot, it has a “V” sound.

ג

The name of this letter is Gimel.

This letter sounds like the hard “G” in English (like the “g” at the beginning of the word “gazelle”).

ד

The name of this letter is Dalet (“Dah-let”).

This letter sounds like the “D” in English.

Five Biblical Hebrew Words from Four Letters

From these four letters alone, we can learn five biblical Hebrew words. Note: Hebrew is read from right to left. Also, those little marks around the letters indicate the vowel sounds. Don’t worry about that now. I’ll just tell you how the words are pronounced.

אָב

father (pronounced “ahv”)

דָּג

fish (pronounced like the English word “dog”) — that’s right, a fish is a dog!

בֶּגֶד

garment (pronounced “beh-ged”)

בְּ

in, at, with, by (pronounced “buh”)

בַּד

solitude (pronounced “bahd”)

By learning just a few letters at a time, you can grasp the shape and sound of each letter.

When you have a solid understanding of those letters, you can move on to the next group of letters.

Why do I recommend learning just a few letters at a time? For one thing, it can be overwhelming to try to learn the whole Hebrew alphabet at the same time.

But also, several Hebrew letters look and/or sound similar to other Hebrew letters. If you learn just a few at a time, then as you come across new letters that look or sound similar to those you have already learned, the new ones won’t be as confusing. You will have a good grasp of the letters you have already learned. You will have practiced using them and recognizing them in words from the Bible. Then you can learn the new ones much more easily.

In learning the biblical Hebrew alphabet, slow and steady (with frequent repetition) is the most effective way.

Biblical Hebrew Class

Sometimes it’s helpful to have someone come alongside and guide you through the process of learning biblical Hebrew. I would not have learned it without the help of my teachers and fellow students. I probably would have given up.

If you are looking for a very basic biblical Hebrew class that teaches you the alphabet and 40 words from the Hebrew Bible, along with 4 Bible verses, some biblical names, and a blessing, I offer a self-paced online video course: Beginning Biblical Hebrew. This is an absolute beginner’s class with no prior experienced required.

If you feel led to learn biblical Hebrew, I encourage you to keep with it. Don’t be discouraged or overwhelmed. Learn a few letters or words at a time. Even learning one or two words from the Hebrew Bible will be a blessing. God will help you learn. Keep pressing in.

Shalom.

Interested in getting a taste of biblical Hebrew? There’s more to learn on my biblical Hebrew blog.

Want to jump into the basics of biblical Hebrew? Here’s a beginning biblical Hebrew course I offer online.